indian emblem भारत सरकार | सामाजिक न्याय और अधिकारिता मंत्रालय
Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment
Government of India
A. Background:
  1. Scheduled Castes (SCs), who constitute 16.6% of our population as per 2011 Census, have historically suffered social and educational disabilities and economic deprivation arising therefrom. With a view to bring them in the mainstream by socially and to economically strengthen them, special provisions have been enshrined in the Constitution for advancement of their interests. These provisions range from measures to remove any kind of social disabilities imposed on them to ensure equality of opportunity in every sphere, to measures of positive discrimination to bring them on par with rest of the population.
  2. Article 46 of Part IV ("Directive Principles of State Policy") of the Constitution enjoins upon the State to promote with special care the educational and economic interests of the weaker sections of the people, in particular, of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes. Article 38(2) in the same Part also enjoins upon the State to minimize inequities in income and to endeavour to eliminate inequalities in status, facilities and opportunities, not only amongst individuals but also amongst groups of people residing in different areas or engaged in different vocations.
  3. Since Independence, the Government had taken a number of initiatives for development of SCs, which had yielded positive outcomes, and had also resulted in narrowing the gap between the Scheduled Castes and rest of the population. However, the focus of most of the welfare Schemes of SCs had been mainly centred on individual beneficiaries, rather than on the integrated development of SC pockets.

 

B. Brief of the Scheme:
  1. With a view to enable an area based development approach, a new scheme Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana (PMAGY) was launched during 2009-10. The Scheme aims at integrated development of Scheduled Castes majority villages.
  2. Objective of Schemes: The principal objective of the Scheme is integrated development of SC majority Villages:

    (a) Primarily through convergent implementation of the relevant Central and State/UT Government Schemes; and

    (b) By taking up identified activities, which do not get covered under the existing Central and State Government Schemes, through ‘Gap-filling’ funds provided as Central Assistance to the extent of Rs.20.00 lakh per village.

  3. The implementation of the Scheme was started on Pilot basis in 2009-10 and a total of 1000 villages was selected from 05 States namely Tamil Nadu (225), Rajasthan (225), Bihar (225), Himachal Pradesh (225) and Assam (100) were selected for this phase. All these 1000 villages have so far been declared as ‘Adarsh Gram’ by the respective State Governments.
  4. During 2014-15, PMAGY was further extended (Phase-I) to cover another 1500 villages across 11 States namely Andhra Pradesh (7), Assam (75), Chhattisgarh (175), Jharkhand (100), Haryana (12), Karnataka (201), Madhya Pradesh (327), Odisha (175), Punjab (162), Telangana (6) and Uttar Pradesh (260). Out of 75 villages selected in Assam, 68 villages were found eligible and out of 12 villages selected in Haryana, only 09 villages found eligible for implementation of scheme. So far, a total of 1184 villages have been declared as ‘Adarsh Gram’ by the respective State Governments.

 

C. Implementation of Scheme since 2018-19:

  1. In light of the benefits accruing to the residents of the villages through successful implementation of this Scheme, it was decided in 2018-19 to extend the Scheme further as a continuous scheme by taking up certain number of villages every year for development. For this, it was decided to consider inclusion of all those districts which have villages having total population ≥500 and with more than 50% persons belonging to the Scheduled Castes. The villages in descending order of SC population are proposed to be selected from each such district for implementation of the Scheme. As per this selection criteria there are a total of 27000 villages (approx) which are proposed to be covered under the Scheme by the end of 2024-25.
  2. Revision of Scheme Guidelines: To ensure all round development of the selected villages, so that they can indeed become ‘Adarsh Grams’, the existing Scheme guidelines were revised to capture the Gaps in critical socio-economic ‘Monitorable Indicators’ as part of various sectors/domains. These domains are: i) Drinking water and Sanitation ii) Education iii) Health and Nutrition iv) Social Security v) Rural Roads and Housing vi) Electricity and Clean Fuel vii) Agricultural Practices etc. viii) Financial Inclusion ix) Digitization x) Livelihood and Skill Development. A total of 50 socio-economic monitorable indicators have been identified for saturation in selected villages under these 10 domains.
  3. New Approach for implementation: The identification of Needs or Gaps with regard to the identified ‘Monitorable Indicators’ are to be done on a comprehensive Need Assessment exercise and accordingly the ‘Village Development Plans’ (VDPs) are generated showing the critical gaps and proposed source of funding to fulfil the gaps. The Scheme relies heavily on convergence with other initiatives of the Central and State/UT Governments for ensuring that the minimum infrastructure and critical services are made available to all the persons in the village, especially those belonging to the Scheduled Castes. PMAGY provides the platform for convergent implementation of other Schemes with the aim to achieve saturation in the various domains. Whereas it is expected that the major portion of the funds requirement for implementation would be met from other Central or State/UT Schemes, the ‘Gap-filling’ funds are provided under the Scheme, for those areas which cannot be covered otherwise.
  4. Funding under the Scheme: For every new village selected, the Scheme provides for a total of Rs. 21 lakh of which Rs.20.00 lakh is for the ‘Gap-filling’ component and Rs.1.00 lakh is meant for ‘administrative expenses’ to be utilized at the Centre, State, District and Village level in the ratio of 1:1:1:2.

    Further, for continuous development of the villages already covered under the earlier phases, there is a component of ‘additional round of funding’ of Rs. 10 lakh per village. Out of this, Rs.9.50 lakh per village would be utilized for ‘Gap-filling’ component and Rs.0.50 lakh per village are to be utilized amongst the Centre, State, District and Village in a ratio of 1:1:1:2 for Administrative and other expenses.

    Initially, the State Government/UT Administration will release the entire admissible funds under ‘Administrative Expenses’ to the District Administrations for carrying out capacity building, administrative expenses, awareness generation and initiating non cost based activities. Thereafter the entire admissible funds under the ‘Gap-filling’ component i.e. Rs.20.00 lakh per village will be released by the State Government to the District Administration once the VDP of the selected villages is approved by their DLCC so that the planned works can be executed without any delay.

D. Project Monitoring:

  1. The Scheme provides for setting up of Committees at various levels for guidance, monitoring and implementation of the scheme at their respective level. These Committees, especially the Convergence Committees at the Village, District and State levels, are crucial to the implementation as they would assess the requirements as well as plan and execute the works/services that are needed to be undertaken under various Schemes for the wholesome development of the villages.
  2. The Government of India has also developed a well-defined structure for Planning, Implementation and Monitoring of the Scheme execution. A website with the facility of collection of Household level data, assessment of village needs, prioritising the works, preparing the Village Development Plan and periodic monitoring of the Scheme has been made operational. The web link of the site is https://pmagy.gov.in .

E. Financial Year-wise releases under the Scheme (Rs. in Crore):

Year

Budget Estimate

Revised Estimate

Expenditure

2009-10

4.00

4.00

4.00

2010-11

400.00

400.00

97.00

2011-12

100.00

100.00

100.00

2012-13

1.00

0.00

0.00

2013-14

100.00

0.00

0.00

2014-15

100.00

30.00

30.00

2015-16

200.00

200.00

195.82

2016-17

90.00

50.00

62.68

2017-18

40.00

40.00

39.00

2018-19

70.00

140.00

167.876

2019-20

390.00

718.00

717.956

2020-21

700.00

300.00

216.52

PMAGY as a Component of PM-AJAY

2021-22

900.00

900.00

1018.90

2022-23

975.00

-

-

 

F. Pilot Phase: (2009-10 to 2013-14)

Sl.

No.

State

No. of villages selected

No of Villages declared

 ‘Adarsh Gram’

Total Fund Released

(Rs. In Cr.)

UC Submitted

1

Assam

100

100

20.10

20.10

2

Bihar

225

225

45.225

45.225

3

Himachal Pradesh

225

225

45.225

45.225

4

Rajasthan

225

225

45.225

45.150

5

Tamil Nadu

225

225 

45.225

45.150

TOTAL

1000

1000

201.00

200.85

 

G. Phase-I: (2014-15)

Sl.

No.

State

Villages selected

Village found ineligible

Balance village

‘Adarsh Gram’ declared

1

Assam

75

07

68

68

2

Uttar Pradesh

260

0

260

252

3

Madhya Pradesh

327

05

322

322

4

Karnataka

201

0

201

197

5

Punjab

162

02

160

78

6

Odisha

175

06

169

83

7

Jharkhand

100

0

100

0

8

Chhattisgarh

175

0

175

175

9

Haryana

12

03

09

09

10

Andhra Pradesh

7

0

07

0

11

Telangana

6

0

06

0

TOTAL

1500

23

1477

1184

 

H. Financial Progress under phase-I:

State

Central Assistance Released (Rs. Cr)

Total

UC Due and Not received

14-15

15-16

16-17

17-18

18-19

19-20

Assam

0.00 

0.00 

15.75

0.00 

3.75 

0.00 

19.50

-

Uttar Pradesh

1.00

42.00

1.10

8.65

1.85

0.00 

54.60

3.70

Madhya Pradesh

7.70

47.32

3.15

10.50

0.00 

0.00 

68.67

5.34

Karnataka

0.10

40.00

2.11

0.00 

0.00 

0.00 

42.21

-

Punjab

18.70

3.50

1.32

16.10

0.00 

0.00 

39.62

11.77

Odisha

0.00 

21.00

15.75

0.00 

0.00 

8.75

45.50

1.62

Jharkhand

0.00 

21.00

0.00 

0.00 

0.00 

5.00

26.00

11.90

Chhattisgarh

0.00 

21.00

20.75

3.75

0.00 

0.00 

45.50

-

Haryana

1.20

0.00 

1.32

0.00 

0.00 

0.00 

2.52

-

Andhra Pradesh

0.70

0.00 

0.77

0.00 

0.00 

0.00 

1.47

-

Telangana

0.60

0.00 

0.66

0.00 

0.00 

0.00 

1.26

-

Total

30.00

195.82

62.68

39.00

5.60

13.75

346.85

36.62

 

I. Status of implementation of scheme in villages selected since 2018-19:

  1. The year-wise list of the villages selected and found eligible: 

Sl No

State/UT

Villages selected and found eligible

2018-19

2019-20

2020-21

2021-22

Total

1

ANDHRA PRADESH

107

189

148

54

498

2

ASSAM

237

137

66

60

500

3

BIHAR

348

268

0

0

616

4

CHHATTISGARH

138

201

194

115

648

5

GUJARAT

25

0

0

0

25

6

HARYANA

143

77

59

73

353

7

HIMACHAL PRADESH

85

158

56

49

348

8

J&K

71

190

0

0

261

9

JHARKHAND

173

181

158

156

668

10

KARNATAKA

257

499

309

90

1155

11

KERALA

02

0

0

0

2

12

MADHYA PRADESH

395

512

117

50

1074

13

MAHARASHTRA

141

62

0

70

273

14

MANIPUR

12

4

0

0

16

15

MEGHALAYA

4

0

0

0

4

16

ODISHA

253

327

190

134

904

17

PUDUCHERRY

10

0

0

0

10

18

PUNJAB

218

209

452

1110

1989

19

RAJASTHAN

284

459

278

220

1241

20

TAMIL NADU

270

205

0

1357

1832

21

TELANGANA

138

31

0

0

169

22

TRIPURA

30

0

0

0

30

23

UTTAR PRADESH

708

1551

1477

2438

6174

24

UTTARAKHAND

120

67

46

60

293

25

WEST BENGAL

0

0

0

0

0

TOTAL

4170

5327

3550

6036

19083

 

  1. In Bihar, a total of 616 villages have been selected till date. The State Govt. of Bihar is yet to start implementation of the scheme in these villages.
  1. Fund Released Since 2018-19 under the Scheme:

Sl No

State/UT

Year-wise Central Assistance released under Phase II of PMAGY (amount in lakh)

2018-19

2019-20

2020-21

2021-22

Total

1

ANDHRA PRADESH

1069.00

1872.60

5506.80

1368.0

9816.40

2

ASSAM

2475.20

904.60

1810.20

0.00

5190.00

3

BIHAR

3092.80

3420.80

0.00

0.00

6513.60

4

CHHATTISGARH

1400.20

4582.00

4008.00

2198.8

12189.00

5

GUJARAT

260.00

260.00

0.00

0.00

520.00

6

HARYANA

1534.00

633.60

2146.80

0.00

4314.40

7

HIMACHAL PRADESH

936.00

3491.60

0.00

1555.16

5982.76

8

J&K

738.40

2052.00

0.00

0.00

2790.40

9

JHARKHAND

1569.00

1222.70

0.00

0.00

2791.70

10

KARNATAKA

2733.00

5275.40

3656.60

8243.50

19908.50

11

KERALA

10.40

10.80

0.00

0.00

21.20

12

MADHYA PRADESH

4126.00

11846.50

0.00

5102.40

21074.90

13

MAHARASHTRA

1507.60

669.60

0.00

0.00

2177.20

14

MANIPUR

124.80

208.00

0.00

0.00

332.80

15

MEGHALAYA

41.60

0.00

0.00

0.00

41.60

16

ODISHA

2818.00

1787.60

0.00

8172.34

12777.94

17

PUDUCHERRY

104.00

63.45

0.00

0.00

167.45

18

PUNJAB

1674.00

2035.80

0.00

0.00

3709.80

19

RAJASTHAN

2995.00

10379.00

1880.00

3690.54

18944.54

20

TAMIL NADU

2819.00

2224.80

0.00

14638.28

19682.08

21

TELANGANA

1433.00

216.00

1561.70

0.00

3210.70

22

TRIPURA

322.00

302.00

0.00

0.00

624.00

23

UTTAR PRADESH

7505.00

16430.35

0.00

55350.84

79286.19

24

UTTARAKHAND

1289.60

756.00

1049.60

1387.89

4483.09

25

WEST BENGAL

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.0

TOTAL

42577.60

70645.20

21619.70

101707.75

236550.25

 

  1. The State Govt. of Bihar had been released an amounting to Rs. 6513.50 lakh for implementation of 616 villages but the State Govt. is not implementing the scheme.
  1. Status of UC submitted and unspent balance (Amount in Rs Lakh):

Sl

State/UT

Total Fund Released

UC Received

Balance Fund Available with State/UT

1

ANDHRA PRADESH

9816.40

1069.0

8747.40

2

ASSAM

5190.00

1930.49

3259.51

3

BIHAR

6513.60

0.00

6513.60

4

CHHATTISGARH

12189.00

7721.65

4467.35

5

GUJARAT

520.00

0.00

520.00

6

HARYANA

4314.40

63.55 

4250.82

7

HIMACHAL PRADESH

5982.76

1320.76 

4662.00

8

JAMMU AND KASHMIR

2790.40

384.38

2406.02

9

JHARKHAND

2791.70

1256.90 

1534.80

10

KARNATAKA

19908.50

5906.00

14002.50

11

KERALA

21.20

0.00

21.20

12

MADHYA PRADESH

21074.90

9838.00

11236.90

13

MAHARASHTRA

2177.20

2166.80 

10.40

14

MANIPUR

332.80

0.00

332.80

15

MEGHALAYA

41.60

0.00

41.60

16

ODISHA

12777.94

2591.70

10186.24

17

PUDUCHERRY

167.45

0.00

167.45

18

PUNJAB

3709.80

662.59

3047.21

19

RAJASTHAN

18944.54

3694.21 

15250.33

20

TAMIL NADU

19682.08

4540.74 

15141.34

21

TELANGANA

3210.70

2829.24

381.46

22

TRIPURA

624.00

619.34

4.66

23

UTTAR PRADESH

79286.19

7505.00

71781.19

24

UTTARAKHAND

4483.09

1044.29

3438.80

 

 

236550.25

55144.64

181405.61

 

******