indian emblem भारत सरकार | सामाजिक न्याय और अधिकारिता मंत्रालय
Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment
Government of India
Brief Background:
  1. Scheduled Castes (SCs), who constitute 16.6% of our population as per 2011 Census, have historically suffered social and educational disabilities and economic deprivation arising therefrom. Accordingly, special provisions have been enshrined in the Constitution for advancement of their interests. These provisions range from measures to remove any kind of social disabilities imposed on them to ensure equality of opportunity in every sphere, to measures of positive discrimination to bring them on par with rest of the population.


  1. Article 46 of Part IV ("Directive Principles of State Policy") of the Constitution enjoins upon the State to promote with special care the educational and economic interests of the weaker sections of the people, in particular, of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes. Article 38 (2) in the same Part also enjoins upon the State to minimize inequities in income, and to endeavour to eliminate inequalities in status, facilities and opportunities, not only amongst individuals but also amongst groups of people residing in different areas or engaged in different vocations.


  1. The Government has hence taken a number of initiatives for development of SCs, which have yielded positive outcomes, and have also resulted in narrowing the gap between the Scheduled Castes and the rest of the population. However, the focus of most welfare Schemes of SCs has been mainly cantered on individual beneficiaries rather than on the integrated development of SC pockets.


  1. To enable an area based development approach, a new scheme called the Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana (PMAGY) was launched on a Pilot basis during 2009-10, following the Finance Minister’s declaration in his Budget Speech delivered on 6.7.2009. The Scheme aims at integrated development of villages in which the population of Scheduled Castes is above 50%. A total of 1000 villages from Tamil Nadu (225), Rajasthan (225), Bihar (225), Himachal Pradesh (225) and Assam (100) were selected for the Pilot phase. Under this phase total Rs. 201 crore was released to the States. All the 1000 villages has been declared as Adarsh Gram.


  1. During 2014-15, PMAGY was further extended (Phase-I) to cover another 1500 villages across 11 States namely Andhra Pradesh (7), Assam (75), Chhattisgarh (175), Jharkhand (100), Haryana (12), Karnataka (201), Madhya Pradesh (327), Odisha (175), Punjab (162), Telangana (6) and Uttar Pradesh (260). Funding for these villages started during March 2015 and continued till 2019-20. Total 346.85 cr were released to the States as Central Share. Till date States have declared 149 villages as Adarsh Gram and remaining villages are slotted for declaration as Adarsh by 31-03-2021.


Expansion of the Scheme:


  1. In light of the benefits accruing to the residents of the villages through successful implementation of the Scheme, it has been decided in 2018-19 to take up more villages as Phase-II of the Scheme. All those districts are considered which have villages having total population ≥500 and with more than 50% persons belonging to the Scheduled Castes. The villages in descending order of SC population are proposed to be selected from each such district for implementation of the Scheme in this new Phase. The Government of India is planning to cover all the eligible 26968 villages by the end of 2014-25.


Revision of Scheme Guidelines:


  1. To ensure all round development of the selected villages, so that they can indeed become ‘Adarsh Grams’, the said Scheme was also revised to capture the Gaps in critical socio-economic ‘Monitorable Indicators’ as part of various sectors/domains. These domains include water and sanitation, education, health and nutrition, agricultural best practices etc. amongst others.


New Approach for implementation:


  1. The identification of needs or Gaps with regard to the ‘Monitorable Indicators’ are based on a Need Assessment exercise. The ‘Village Development Plan’ (VDP) is based on the data collected as part of the Need Assessment exercise. The Scheme relies heavily on convergence with other initiatives of the Central and State Governments for ensuring that the minimum infrastructure and critical services are made available to all the persons in the village, especially those belonging to the Scheduled Castes. PMAGY provids the platform for convergent implementation of other Schemes with the aim to achieve saturation in the various domains. Whereas it is expected that the major portion of the funds requirement for implementation would be met from other Central or State Government Schemes, the ‘Gap-filling’ funds will be provided under the Scheme, for those areas which cannot be covered otherwise.


Funding under the Scheme:


  1. For every new village selected, the Scheme provides for a total of Rs. 21 lakh of which Rs.20.00 lakh is for the ‘Gap-filling’ component and Rs.1.00 lakh is meant for ‘administrative expenses’ in the ratio of 1:1:1:2 at the Centre, State, District and Village level respectively.


  1. Details of 'funding' and 'flow of fund' are explained at para-9 and 10 of the Scheme Guidelines. The State Government/UT Administration would initially, the State Government/UT Administration will release the entire admissible funds under ‘Administrative Expenses’ to the District Administrations for carrying out capacity building, administrative expenses, awareness generation and initiating non cost based activities. Thereafter the entire admissible funds under the ‘Gap-filling’ component i.e. Rs.20.00 lakh per village will be released by the State Government to the District Administration once the VDP of the selected villages is approved by their DLCC so that the planned works can be executed without any delay.


Project Monitoring:


  1. The Scheme provides for setting up of various levels of Committees for guidance, monitoring and implementation. These Committees, especially the Convergence Committees at the Village, District and State levels, are crucial to the implementation as they would assess the requirements as well as plan and execute the works/services that are needed to be undertaken under various Schemes for the wholesome development of the villages.

  2. Government of India has developed a well-defined structure for Planning, Implementation and Monitoring of the Scheme execution. A website with the facility of collection of Household level data, assessment of village needs, prioritising the works, preparing the Village Development Plan and periodic monitoring of the Scheme has been made operational. The web link of the site is https://pmagy.gov.in .


Vision of an ‘Adarsh Gram’:


    The Scheme provides for An ‘Adarsh Gram’ is one wherein people have access to various basic services so that the minimum needs of all the sections of the society are fully met and disparities are reduced to a minimum. These villages would have all such infrastructure and its residents will have access to all such basic services that are necessary for a dignified living, creating thereby an environment in which everyone is enabled to utilize her/his potential to the fullest


Objectives of the Scheme:


  1. The objective of this Scheme is to ensure integrated development of the selected villages with more than 50% SC population so that, inter alia, there is:

    (a) Adequate Infrastructure: All requisite infrastructure necessary for the socio-economic development needs are to be provided under the Scheme.
    (b) Improvement in Socio-Economic Indicators The identified socio-economic indicators, known as Monitorable Indicators, are to be improved so that the disparity between SC and non-SC population is eliminated and the level of indicators is raised to at least that of the National average. More specifically, all BPL SC families should have food and livelihood security, all SC children should complete education at least up to the secondary level, all factors leading to maternal and infant mortality are addressed and incidence of malnutrition, especially amongst children and women, is eliminated.

  2. The particulars of the 50 Monitorable Indicators under 10 domains are listed in the next para. These 10 domains are:
    i) Drinking water and Sanitation
    ii) Education
    iii) Health and Nutrition
    iv) Social Security
    v) Rural Roads and Housing
    vi) Electricity and Clean Fuel
    vii) Agricultural Practices etc.
    viii) Financial Inclusion
    ix) Digitization
    x) Livelihood and Skill Development


Selection of Villages under Phase-II of the Scheme and release of Fund:


  1. The detail of the villages selected and fund released during 2018-19, 2019-20 and 2020-21 for Scheme implementation are as under:

Sl No

State/UT

No of Eligible Villages for Phase-II

Villages already covered under previous Phases

No. of Villages selected

Remaining Villages to be covered

Fund released by the GoI

1

ANDHRA PRADESH

495

6

440

53

8448.40

2

ASSAM

617

131

441

45

5190.00

3

BIHAR

1456

128

616

712

6513.60

4

CHHATTISGARH

769

127

537

115

9990.20

5

GUJARAT

25

0

25

0

520.00

6

HARYANA

366

11

290

76

4314.40

7

HIMACHAL PRADESH

417

60

308

49

4427.60

8

JAMMU AND KASHMIR

261

0

261

0

2790.40

9

JHARKHAND

720

96

512

156

2791.70

10

KARNATAKA

1315

165

1085

90

11665.00

11

KERALA

1

0

1

0

21.20

12

MADHYA PRADESH

1146

124

1033

56

15972.50

13

MAHARASHTRA

277

0

207

70

2177.20

14

MANIPUR

16

0

16

0

332.80

15

MEGHALAYA

4

0

4

0

41.60

16

ODISHA

994

131

812

134

4605.60

17

PUDUCHERRY

10

0

10

0

167.45

18

PUNJAB

2097

152

825

1120

3709.80

19

RAJASTHAN

1415

140

1040

235

15254.00

20

TAMIL NADU

2044

212

477

1355

5043.80

21

TELANGANA

169

5

169

0

3210.70

22

TRIPURA

31

0

31

0

624.00

23

UTTAR PRADESH

6394

221

3774

2448

23935.35

24

UTTARAKHAND

312

0

244

68

3095.20

25

WEST BENGAL

5617

0

0

5617

0.00


TOTAL

26968

1709

13159

12399

134842.50

Note: 298 villages of Phase-I again selected during Phase-II for second round of funding.


  1. Progress of Pilot Phase:

Sl

State

No. of selected villages

No of Villages declared ‘Adarsh Gram’

Total Fund Released

(Rs. In Cr.)

1

Assam

100

100

20.10

2

Bihar

225

225

45.225

3

Himachal Pradesh

225

225

45.255

4

Rajasthan

225

225

45.255

5

Tamil Nadu

225

225

45.225

TOTAL

1000

1000

201.06


  1. Financial Progress during Phase-I of the Scheme:


Sl

State

No of Villages

Central Assistance Released (Rs. Cr)

Total

Villages declared Adarsh Gram

14-15

15-16

16-17

17-18

18-19

19-20

1

Assam

75

15.75

3.75 

-

19.50

32

2

Uttar Pradesh

260

1.00

42.00

1.10

8.65

1.85

-

54.60

140

3

Madhya Pradesh

327

7.70

47.32

3.15

10.50

-

68.67

0

4

Karnataka

201

0.10

40.00

2.11

-

42.21

0

5

Punjab

162

18.70

3.50

1.32

16.10

-

39.62

49

6

Odisha

175

21.00

15.75

8.75

45.50

0

7

Jharkhand

100

21.00

5.00

26.00

0

8

Chhattisgarh

175

21.00

20.75

3.75

-

45.50

0

9

Haryana

12

1.20

1.32

-

2.52

9

10

Andhra Pradesh

7

0.70

0.77

-

1.47

0

11

Telangana

6

0.60

0.66

-

1.26

0

Total

1500

30.00

195.82

62.68

39.00

5.60

13.75

346.85

230


  1. Financial Year wise releases are given below (Rs. In Crore):


Year

Budget Estimate

Revised Estimate

Expenditure

Up to 2013-14

-

-

201.00

2014-15

30.00

30.00

30.00

2015-16

200.00

200.00

195.82

2016-17

90.00

50.00

62.68

2017-18

40.00

40.00

39.00

2018-19

70.00

140.00

167.876

2019-20

390.00

718.00

717.956

2020-21

700.00

300.00

216.5177


1520.00

1478.00

1630.85